Once upon a time, there was YUGOSLAVIA – it produced everything from a needle to an anchor


Photo: Pixabay

Nearly three decades have passes since the collapse of the SFRY, but nostalgia for that country and the factories that produced everything from a needle to an anchor is not subsiding. Apart from all political and economic problems, no one can deny that the industry was developed, that a lot of work was done for export, and that many of these factories no longer exist.

What we had in the SFRY
1. Levi Strauss was produced by Varteks based in Varazdin
2. Lee Cooper – Beko
3. Wrangler was produced in Macedonia
4. Puma sneakers in Borovo
5. Adidas – Planika (Slovenia)…,Nike did not exist, it only appeared in the late seventies
6. Boss was produced in Diork, Kragujevac
7. Javor based in Ivanjica produced 20,000 shirts per month for export
8. 22. decembar produced uniforms for the army and police
9. Elan produced skies used by world champion Stenmark
10. Thomy mayonaise, PEZ and Wrigley, today’s Orbit, were produced by Kolinska in Slovenia
11. Podravka based in Koprivnica with its product Vegeta covered 20% of the world spice market, and their beef goulash was also used in the diet of some foreign armies
12. Our “roland” raspberry class was the most expensive on the market, and we were the biggest exporters
13. Zastava produced about 200,000 cars a year, 90% of whose parts came from domestic sub-contractors. Today Zastava manufactures Fiat 500L, but the ratio of built-in parts is reversed – 90% of them come from import
14. Sarajevo-based TAS produced 40,000 Volkswagen (Golf) cars annually
15. IMV Novo Mesto launched annually 30,000 Renault cars, and today it produces exclusively the twingo model.
16. Cimos produced Citroen
17. Pegueot was produced in Pristina
18. IDA based in Kikinda produced 10,000 Opel cars annually… in its foundry, blocks were manufactured for Mercedes, BMW…
19. FAP based in Priboj and TAM based in Maribor produced heavy trucks and tow trucks, while Kragujevac-based Zastava produced light transporters…
20. Ikarbus produced buses, and TAM mini buses
21. Tomos based in Kopar produced mopeds and outboard motors… their “penta” was at the time the best engine in the world
22. The Lada factory in Russia and -125 pz- in Poland were put into operation, in cooperation with Fiat, by Zastava’s experts
23. Headlights of the Slovenian factory Saturnus were built into the models of Zastava, but also Volkswagen, Opel, Fiat…
24. FRAD in Aleksinac produced air filters for Mercedes, Morris, Fiat…
25. HTD based in Ohrid produced locks, knobs… for the car industry (among others, for the entire Soviet production)
26. Pristina produced shock absorbers for Zastava, Fiat and Opel
27. Belgrade-based 21. maj (now shut down) produced engines
28. There were several car tire and accumulator factories
29. Jugoplastika based in Split exported 40% of its production to the European market
31. Prvomajska Zagreb produced lathes, drills and it equipped entire plants throughout the world
32. IMT exported 20,000 tractors to Egypt
33. The shipyards in Croatia, Uljanik in Pula and 3. maj in Rijeka, were operating at a world-class level and produced the largest oversea ships for foreign customers, as well as all the ships of Jadrolinija
34. Uljanik – generators for those ships
35. The factories Obod, Cer, Gorenje, Iskra and Rudi Cajavec manufactured electric devices, TV sets, radios, record players, tape recorders and household appliances, while Borac-Beograd produced even espresso machines
36. Iskra in Slovenia and Digitron in Istra (in Buje), began to assemble computers in the late 70s
37. EI Nis was one of the world’s best producers of radio and TV lamps (even Philips installed them), and it launched the production of color TVs even before Sony
38. Insa based in Zemun produced watches
39. There were 3 telephone factories. An Iskra model was declared the best in the world and it was exhibited at the New York Museum of Contemporary Art
40. There were 2 light bulb factories – Tesla Pancevo and TIZ Zagreb, now there is none…

Source: BIZLife

Photo: Pixabay